Behavioral development in children prenatally exposed
to drugs and alcohol. [Review] [136 refs] Coles CD. Platzman KA.
International Journal of the Addictions. 28(13):1393-433, 1993 Nov.
Empirical research on the behavioral consequences to the offspring of
use of recreational and addictive drugs and alcohol by pregnant women
is reviewed. The current epidemic of cocaine use has raised the specter
of a host of "cocaine babies" whose prenatally induced impairments
will interfere with social and academic functioning and constitute an
immense social burden. In fact, examination of effects of drug exposure
on infant behavior and subsequent development suggests a much more subtle
and complicated process which must take into account not only the child's
prenatal exposure but the various other environmental factors which
contribute to eventual outcome. These other factors include caregiving
competence and social environment. [References: 136]