Substance Abuse and Treatment

Therapeutic Intervention of Cocaine Abusers

A recent study conducted by Dr. Sharon Hall and her colleagues at the University of California, San Francisco, investigated the efficacy of both cognitive- behavioral therapy and 12 step programs. Results indicated that particular personal characteristics have an effect on which type of therapy is more effective in abstaining from crack/cocaine abuse.

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Joint Treatment of PTSD and Cocaine Abuse

A recent study suggests that exposure therapy, a common form of treatment for people with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), in addition to substance abuse counseling, may significantly decrease the severity in symptoms of both disorders. Symptoms of PTSD are characterized by three main categories: "intrusions," which includes re-experiencing the trauma through flashbacks or nightmares; "hyperarousal," which contributes to symptoms of anxiety, irritability, poor concentration and hypervigilance; and "avoidance," an inappropriate evasion of people, places or situations which may trigger memories of the event.

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