SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND TREATMENT

Identifying Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS)

Neonatal abstinence syndrome, also known as neonatal withdrawal syndrome (NWS), is identified through a combination of maternal self-report of drug use, maternal and neonate drug screening, and NAS symptoms. Although it is sometimes difficult to obtain, maternal self-report of drug use during pregnancy is distinctly valuable because appropriate medical care for the neonate can be given quickly without a delay for drug screening results.

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Neonatal Withdrawal Syndrome and Maternal Substance Abuse

Many caregivers of children whose mothers are thought to have used cocaine and other drugs during pregnancy report that the infants experience "withdrawal." They often report that it continues from the time that babies come home from the hospital until they are several months old. However, professionals know that Neonatal Withdrawal Syndrome (NWS) does not occur as a result of exposure to stimulants like cocaine

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